Choquequirao Trek Introduction
Discover the Secret of Choquequirao: The Last Retreat of the Incas!
|Choquequirao Trek Introduction: Discover the Choquequirao Trek, a cultural journey par excellence and one of Peru’s finest treks. This challenging yet rewarding adventure welcomes trekkers with breathtaking peaks, untamed nature, and exceptional trails. Experience the allure of Choquequirao and embark on an unforgettable expedition.
Choquequirao Trek Introduction:
The Choquequirao Trek is an exceptional journey that unveils the ancient marvels of Peru’s Inca civilization. Constructed by the Incas, this extraordinary trail remained undiscovered by the modern world until 1909, when Hiram Bingham stumbled upon its hidden treasures. Since then, numerous experts have visited this region, conducting significant studies.
Comprising a highly advanced network of over 45,000 kilometers, the Incas built an expansive trail system to connect the farthest corners of their empire, spanning from Quito in Ecuador to Santiago in Chile, and east to Mendoza in Argentina. At the heart of this vast Inca Empire was Cusco, the birthplace of these remarkable trails. Many of the key pathways in the surrounding mountains were either constructed or enhanced by the Incas themselves.
Among these trails lies a particularly captivating 50-kilometer section, which weaves through the enchanting landscapes, linking the village of Cachora, the Apurimac Canyon, and Choquequirao, often referred to as the last refuge of the Incas.
In recent years, the Choquequirao Trek has gained popularity among trekkers, earning the name “Trekking to Choquequirao” or the Choquequirao Classic Trek. While access to this section of the Inca Trail is currently unrestricted, it is carefully regulated, with only authorized trekking companies eligible to offer this remarkable adventure.
The biodiversity found in the vicinity of Choquequirao is truly unparalleled, featuring towering mountains, awe-inspiring scenery, and a rich tapestry of cultures that remain largely untouched due to their remote locations. Exploring these lands is a journey of trekking through ancient caravan trails, venturing into dense forests, stumbling upon secluded hamlets and quaint mountain villages, encountering a myriad of avian species and native wildlife, admiring remarkable Inca temples, and immersing oneself in breathtaking vistas. Additionally, the warm hospitality of the local people, representing diverse cultures, provides a captivating glimpse into their traditional rural lifestyles.
Unlike other iconic treks to Machu Picchu, the Choquequirao Classic Trek. offers a less crowded and genuinely remote adventure, making it an enticing choice for those seeking an authentic exploration experience. As the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu has imposed limitations on visitor numbers, the Choquequirao Trek stands out as a remarkable alternative, showcasing epic landscapes, heart-thrilling suspension bridge crossings, and the enigmatic Inca settlement of Choquequirao.
Location of Choquequirao.
Choquequirao is situated at 13° 32′ south latitude and 72° 44′ west longitude, nestled in the foothills of the Salkantay Mountain in the province of La Convención, Cusco department. It rests at an elevation of 3035 meters above sea level. Choquequirao is approximately 47 km away from the town of Cachora, located in the Apurimac department.
Notably, Choquequirao boasts a biodiverse environment, with various species inhabiting the area despite the fluctuating temperatures, including sun-filled days and frosty nights.
The fauna of Choquequirao predominantly consists of condors, tarucas, vizcachas, foxes, zorrinos, pumas, hummingbirds, Mountain spectacle bears, and the striking cock of the rocks, Peru’s national bird. The flora is characterized by towering ferns, ichu grass, and a wide variety of vibrant orchids, among which the “Wakanki” variety stands out.
The Weather About Choquequirao.
Nestled in its unique geographical position, Choquequirao experiences a unique blend of climates, oscillating between warm days and cool nights. The region’s average annual temperature is a relatively mild 17ºC, making it an inviting destination for adventurers and explorers. Imagine experiencing the warm, comforting sun on your skin during the day, followed by the crisp, invigorating chill of the night. This climate not only provides an exceptional travel experience but also contributes to the biodiversity and the unique ecosystem of Choquequirao. So, if you’re seeking a destination with a distinctive weather pattern that enhances your exploration, Choquequirao is your go-to place.
The diverse climate in Choquequirao also allows for a myriad of activities and experiences. From hiking through the lush green mountains to watching the sunrise over ancient ruins, there is something for everyone in this region. The warm temperatures during the day make it perfect for exploring the outdoor wonders, while the cooler nights offer a peaceful ambiance for stargazing or sharing stories around a campfire.
But the climate in Choquequirao is not just for leisurely activities, it also plays a significant role in preserving the region’s rich natural and cultural heritage. The varying temperatures and humidity levels create different microclimates that support a wide range of flora and fauna. This diversity has made Choquequirao a sanctuary for many endangered species, such as the Andean spectacled bear and the Andean condor.
History About Choquequirao.
Choquequirao is a captivating historical site that held great significance during the Inca civilization. As a military, administrative, and religious center in the “Antisuyu” region, it served as a crucial checkpoint to ensure access to important areas like Vilcabamba, Pisac, and Machu Picchu. This citadel also played a vital role in connecting the Amazon rainforest with the Inca Empire’s capital, Cusco.
During a transitional period spanning about 40 years, Choquequirao became one of the last strongholds where the Incas sought refuge and resisted the Spanish conquest. By order of Manco Inca, the Inca descendants left Cusco, which was under Spanish control in 1535, and sought shelter in the cities of the Vilcabamba region. Throughout the valley of Vilcabamba and particularly in Choquequirao, they bravely resisted the Spanish attacks until the capture and execution of Tupac Amaru I in 1572.
Featured Choquequirao Treks
Explore the beauty of Peru’s ancient Inca culture with the Choquequirao Trek Machu Picchu 8-day trekking program. Witness spectacular natural views, visit sacred places, and make unforgettable memories. Find out why this is the best way to experience Machu Picchu!